Extra patience and compassion are needed when caring for pediatric patients. They need specialized attention and care as they have varied healthcare needs that depend on their age and condition.
It takes a lot of effort to provide nursing care to children. To help you get started, here are some nursing lifehacks that will be helpful in providing nursing care to pediatric patients.
1. Use colorful bandaids for vaccine shots
Pediatric patients routinely receive vaccines as they grow up. It’s hard to convince them to stay calm as you inject their due vaccine since their thoughts usually linger on the pain of their previous shot. However, you can still calm them down by conditioning them and diverting their attention. Just show a set of colorful band aids and let them choose one. Ask them to hold their choice of band aid and cough out while you give their vaccine shot.
Giving them something to look forward to after giving their vaccine will convince them to finish their shot. Their anticipation of getting the colored band aid that they personally chose also helps in diverting their attention away from the pain of vaccine shots.
2. Establish rapport through their comfort toys
When providing care to a pediatric patient for the first time, introduce yourself well and gain trust through the patient’s toys. Play with the patient and his toys for a little while and show that there is nothing to fear about you. A child’s first impression about his nurse lasts long so it is important to establish a good rapport when meeting a pediatric patient for the first time.
3. Cut tourniquet in half for IV insertions
Tourniquets for IV insertions are available in different sizes. However, there will be a time where you will need the smallest one for a delicate pediatric patient. If you can’t find the right size of tourniquet for your patient, just improvise by cutting a rubber tourniquet in half lengthwise. This way, the tourniquet will have a better grip on a small limb when finding a vein for IV insertion.
4. Wrap pediatric patients in a blanket during needle sticks
Toddlers for IV insertion or blood extraction usually scream at the top of their lungs and do their best to get out of the procedure. They can be immobilized safely by wrapping them in a blanket during needle sticks.
Ask for help in holding the other end of the blanket and exclude the part where you are going to do the procedure. The blanket is helpful in immobilizing the child’s upper and lower extremities without the risk of inducing muscular or skeletal injury.
5. Let them sip on a cold and sweet drink before giving unpleasant-tasting medicine
Although the taste of medication syrups and suspensions for pediatric patients is already improved over the years, it is still hard to give oral medicines to them. Make this task easier for your wee patients by letting them sip on a cold and sweet drink before giving their due oral medications. Cold drinks help in numbing the child’s taste buds while the drink’s sweetness helps in toning down the unpleasant taste of bitter medicines.
If not contraindicated, try giving popsicles as well. Right after taking the medicine, the child can wash down the unpleasant taste by sucking on a sweet popsicle.
6. Put stickers in their IV dressing
When caring for pediatric patients who are anxious about their stay in the hospital, you can make their day brighter with the help of colorful stickers. This is helpful especially in keeping their IV access sites intact as they usually scratch and remove their IV dressings during hospitalization.
You can prevent this by putting stickers on their IV dressings and telling them to take good care of it. Just make sure that the sticker will not be a hindrance in daily assessment of the IV site for signs of infection.
7. Observe before doing physical assessment
When doing physical assessment especially if the child is still asleep, start first with visual inspection. Observe the child physically and take note of any unusual finding to serve as your focus in doing physical assessment.
Once you begin touching the patient as you do physical assessment, the child may already cry. This may lead to inaccurate assessments so it is important to observe and do visual inspection first.
8. Attach two urine collector bags for pediatric patients with loose stools
It’s hard to collect a clean-catch urine specimen from a child suffering from diarrhea. If your patient is not yet potty-trained, fix this problem by attaching two urine collector bags. The first urine collector bag should be attached around the urethral meatus of the patient while the second one should be attached around the anus of the patient.
Once you already collected urine specimen in the urine collector bag and the patient just had episodes of diarrhea, the loose stools expelled will be confined to the second urine collector bag. This technique prevents cross-contamination of specimens.